Forex Trading

What is base currency in forex?

When you delve into trading currencies, the base currency acts as the unit of the base in a currency pair. It’s the currency you are selling or buying against another currency, which is called the quote or counter currency. In the bustling exchange markets, currency pairs including major ones like EUR/USD and GBP/USD, form the backbone of trade and investing. The foreign exchange or forex market (FX) is the market where currencies are traded.

Without understanding which currency serves as the base in an exchange rate, you may end up making less informed decisions that could cost you financially. In a currency pair, such as EUR/USD, EUR (Euro) is the base currency and USD (United States Dollar) is the quote currency. This arrangement communicates the value of one currency relative to another.

A non base currency or a quote currency is the second component in a currency pair. For instance in these pairs USD is a non base currency – EUR/USD, GBP/USD, AUD/USD and NZD/USD. There are currency pairs where USD becomes base currency, such as USD/JPY, USD/CAD and others. On the other hand, when the currency pair is sold, the investor sells the base currency and receives the quote currency.

More commonly traded currency pairs, such as the major pairs discussed above, have lower spreads because they occur more often, which allows the exchange to make money on the volume. The currency pair is spelled out as the three-letter abbreviation for the base currency, then the abbreviation for the counter currency. There are several “major” currency pairs that are traded most often; foremost among those is USD/EUR. The term money supply refers to the total amount of currency and liquid assets in a country’s economy. It includes any money found in circulation as well as any bank deposits that can be converted to cash. The money supply is divided into categories based on the type of currency.

  1. If the price of the EUR/USD pair is 1.3000, it means that you would need 1.30 US dollars to buy a single euro.
  2. Your custom property will update its currency based on the value set for Currency on each deal.
  3. In a currency quote, the second part is called the quote currency or the counter currency.
  4. In contrast, using credit to pay a debt does not qualify as part of the monetary base, as this is not the final step in the transaction.
  5. All currency pairs are categorized according to the volume that is traded on a daily basis for a pair.

Forex trading involves these traded currency pairs, and the bid price reflects what buyers are willing to pay for the base currency. Interest rates, economic stability, and geopolitical events can all influence the value of the base currency in the foreign exchange market. Understanding these dynamics is crucial for anyone involved in forex trading, as they navigate the complexities of buying and selling one currency against another. In the dynamic world of forex trading, understanding the concept of a base currency is fundamental.

In our example, USD is considered the base currency, and CAD is the quote currency. Thus, Johnny is able to exchange $1.3 of CAD per $1 of USD at the currency exchange store. The U.S. dollar is frequently used as the base currency, since it is the dominant currency in the world economy, and so is most frequently used to pay for transactions. The demand for the yen is rather limited, but the repatriation of currencies carried out by large Japanese companies is significant.

Cross-currency pairs are currency pairs that do not feature the US dollar. This type of currency pair may also be included in the ‘minor’ category. One example of a cross-currency pair is GBP/JPY (British pound/Japanese yen). EUR/USD currency pair represents the euro versus the U.S. dollar and is different than most others because the dollar is the denominator or quote currency.

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In the same vein, this pair can be sold if they think that the base currency will depreciate in value compared to the quote currency. An example of this is when an investor purchases EUR/USD, this simply means that the investor is purchasing euro and selling U.S. dollars simultaneously. A base currency is the first currency that appears in a currency pair. In forex trading, currencies are traded in pairs, and the base currency is the currency that you buy or sell.

Base currency and quote currency are used in the context of foreign currency transactions, where two currencies always face each other and produce an exchange rate. What exactly is hidden behind these two terms and what they are used for is explained here. The base currency is also considered to be the currency used by a business entity to report its financial statements. If you buy a currency pair, you buy the quote currency and sell the quote currency. The bid (purchase price) represents the sum necessary in quoted currency to be disbursed to acquire a unit of the quoted currency. All Forex trading involves buying one currency simultaneously and selling another.

The ratio between quoted currency and the base currency

When trading currencies, you’re selling one currency to buy another. Conversely, when trading commodities or stocks, you’re using cash to buy a unit of that commodity or a number of shares momentum indicator forex of a particular stock. Economic data relating to currency pairs, such as interest rates and economic growth or gross domestic product (GDP), affect the prices of a trading pair.

Most popular base currencies in Forex

When you buy a currency pair, you are buying the base currency and selling the quote currency. If the value of the base currency increases, the value of the currency pair also increases, and you can sell the currency pair for a profit. Conversely, if the value of the base currency decreases, the value of the currency pair also decreases, and you may sell the currency pair for a loss. An example of an exotic currency pair is the USD/SGD (U.S. dollar/Singapore dollar).

Thus we will speak of the quotation of the euro against the dollar (EUR/USD) or the pound sterling against the yen (GBP/JPY), for example. International codes are always used to name currencies in Forex. It is the keystone for interpreting exchange rates, analysing market movements, and making informed trades. As you delve deeper into the world of foreign exchange, this knowledge will serve as an invaluable tool for navigating complex currency dynamics.

Please ensure you understand how this product works and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing money. Forex trading involves the constant purchase and sale of currency. When buying a currency pair, investors purchase the base currency and sell the quoted currency. The bid price represents the amount of quote currency needed to receive one unit of the base currency. The base currency is the first currency listed in a currency pair, such as USD/EUR (where the U.S. dollar is the base currency).


For example, in the EUR/USD currency pair, the euro is the base currency, and the US dollar is the quote currency. The base currency is also known as the transaction currency or the primary currency. A base currency as used in the forex market indicates how much of the quote currency is needed to purchase one unit of the base currency. For example, in a pair of CAD/USD, the Canadian dollar (CAD) is the base currency while USD is the quote currency.

It’s important to note that the concept of a “high” or “low” currency value is always relative to another currency.

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